John Hughes is a teacher trainer and ELT course book author. His titles include Life (National Geographic Learning) and Business Result (Oxford University Press). He is also the series editor for the ETpedia resources (

When we plan a lesson we often have aims and objectives which suggest that learning is a straight line to a defined outcome. When in fact we know that learning is messy…but messy is good!

The book mentioned here is “What if everything you knew about education was wrong?” by David Didau, published by Crown House.